Marie Curie was one of the most accomplished scientists in history. Together with her hu*and, Pierre, she discovered radium, an element widely used for treating cancer, and stu*d uranium and other radioactive substances. Pierre and Marie′s amicable collaboration later helped to unlock the secrets of the atom.
Marie was born in 1867 in Warsaw, Poland, where her father was a professor of physics. At the early age, she displayed a brilliant mind and a blithe personality. Her great exuberance for learning prompted her to continue with her stu*s after high school. She became disgruntled, however, when she learned that the university in Warsaw was closed to women. Determined to receive a higher education, she defiantly left Poland and in *1 entered the Sorbonne, a French university, where she earned her *ster′s degree and doctorate in physics.
Marie was fortunate to have stu*d at the Sorbonne with some of the greatest scientists of her day, one of whom was Pierre Curie. Marie and Pierre were *rried in *5 and spent *ny productive years working together in the physics laboratory. A short time after they discovered radium, Pierre was killed by a horse-drawn wagon in 1906. Marie was stunned by this horrible misfortune and endured heartbreaking anguish. Despondently she recalled their close relationship and the joy that they had shared in scientific research. The fact that she had two young daughters to raise by herself greatly increased her distress.
Curie′s feeling of desolation finally began to fade when she was asked to succeed her hu*and as a physics professor at the Sorbonne. She was the first wo*n to be given a professorship at the world-famous university. In 1911 she received the Nobel Prize in chemistry for isolating radium. Although Marie Curie eventually suffered a fatal illness from her long exposure to radium, she never became disillusioned about her work. Regardless of the consequences, she had dedicated herself to science and to revealing the mysteries of the physical world.
8.The Curies′ ____ collaboration helped to unlock the secrets of the atom.
A. friendly B. competitive C. courteous D. industrious E. chemistry
9. Marie had a bright mind and a __personality.
A. strong B. lighthearted C. humorous D. strange E. envious
10. When she learned that she could not attend the university in Warsaw, she felt___.
A. hopeless B. annoyed C. depressed D. worried E. none of the above
11. Marie ___ by leaving Poland and traveling to France to enter the Sorbonne.
A. challenged authority B. showed intelligence C. behaved D. was distressed E. answer not available in article
12. _____she remembered their joy together.
A. Dejectedly B. Worried C. Tearfully D. Happily E. Sorrowfully
13. Her ____ began to fade when she returned to the Sorbonne to succeed her hu*and.
A. misfortune B. anger C. wretchedness D. disappointment E. ambition
14. Even though she became fatally ill from working with radium, Marie Curie was never ____.
A. troubled B. worried C. disappointed D. sorrowful E. disturbed
答案 9. B 10. B 11. A 12. A 13. C 14. C