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2018年12月大学英语四级作文高分方法总结

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想必大伙都知道,四级考试中,四级作文是提分是很 快的。单词与短语是文章很大致的组成单位,用词是否出彩在一定程度上决定了文章是否能得高分!今天文都四六级与大伙分享四级作文高分方法一:无重复原则,希冀对您有所帮助。

四级作文高分方法一:无重复原则

英语写作中经常会出此时同一文章中反复使用同一个词、词组的状况,这是大伙通常所说的重复。用词重复首要表此时名词、动词、形容词等实词的重复上。例如:

名词重复

Catherine offered him moral help and also practical help.

动词重复

I like reading while my brother likes playing football.

形容词重复

Mark Twain is famous for his short novels in America, and now he isalso becoming more and more famous with Chinese readers.

为避免用词的重复,可采用以下方法:

省略

省略是避免重复很首要的手段。它能够节省词语,使句子结构更紧凑,还能够有效避免名词、动词、形容词的重复。例如:

名词省略

They are fine actors. Smith is the finest (actor) I’ve ever seen.

动词省略

Jack needn’t stay here, but George must (stay here).

形容词省略

Robert seemed angry, and George certainly was (angry).

代词代替

这样的方法首要用于解决名词的重复疑问。例如:

Catherine offered him moral help and also practical help.

可改为:Catherine offered him moral help and also practical one.

再如:Can you repair this chair? I broke it yesterday.

同义词、反义词、派生词转换

名词、动词、形容词都适用这样的方法。

名词同义词转换

原句:The snow was heavy last night.

修改后: It snowed heavily last night.

动词同义词转换

原句:The runner couldn’t catch up with the others in the race.

修改后:The runner fell behind the others in the race.

形容词同义词转换

原句:I am completely confident that I am competent for the new job.

修改后:I am completely confident that I am qualified for the new job.

四级作文高分方法二:短语优先原则

使用短语替换单词具有两大优点:

文章显得更为地道,增加亮点;

增加字数。

例:

原句:When he was a child, he wanted to learn everything.

修改后:When he was a child, he had a strong appetite for knowledge.

与原句中的wanted to learn everything相比,修改后的例句中的had a strong appetite for knowledge更能表现出“他”的求知若渴,表达更加生动。

常见的单词转化成短语的方法有:

形容词变短语方法:of+同根名词

常见的形容词及对应短语有:

形容词 短语

very important 特别重要的 of great importance

very difficult 特别困难的 of great difficulty

very difficult 特别困难的 of great difficulty

very beautiful 特别美丽的 of great beauty

very useful 特别有用的 of great use

very helpful 特别有帮助的 of great help

very harmful 特别有害的 of great harm

very valuable 特别有价值的 of great value

very significant 至关重要的 of great significance

very necessary 特别必要的 of great necessity

动词变短语方法:同义短语替换

常用的动词与对应动词短语如下:

动词 动词短语

stand 承受 put up with

consider 考虑 take...into consideration/account

exist 存在 come into existence/being

like 喜欢 be fond of, take delight in

support支持 be in favor of, approve of

think 想,认为 harbor the idea that, hold the view that

explain 解释 account for

agree 同意,赞成 approve of

conclude 得出结论 come to/draw a conclusion

remember 记住 bear/keep in mind

cause 引起 bring about

raise 提出 bring/put up, set forth

absorb采纳,吸收 take in

cancel 取消 call off

eliminate 取消 completely get rid of

help 帮助 give a hand

delay 耽误,耽搁 hold off

emphasize 重视 attach great importance to

replace 代替 take the place of

use 使用 *ke use of, take advantage of

know 知道 be aware of

四级作文高分方法三:词义详细化原则

所谓词义详细化是指写作过程中尽量避免使用意义宽泛、模糊的词,要依据语境使用详细、生动的词。

这些高分替换词,一定要马住!

低分词 高分词

good 好得 superb, brilliant, outstanding, awesome

bad 坏的 adverse, evil, terrible, horrible

old 老的 old-fashioned, outdated, antiquated, archaic

strange 陌生的 eccentric, peculiar, odd, weird

short 短的 transient, short-lived

forever 永远 for good, perpetually

different 不一样的 unique, distinctive, dissimilar

do 做 conduct, carry out, execute

see 看见 witness, observe, spot, glimpse

increase 增加,提高 soar, escalate, double/triple

walk 走 wander, stride, sneak, creep

learn 学习 acquire, review, *ster

get 取得 obtain, attain

help 帮助 assist, aid

mean 意思是 suggest, indicate, imply, symbolize

picture 图画 drawing, painting, cartoon

big 大得 immense, enormous, tremendous

cause 引起 give rise to, trigger, result in, arouse

*ke 做 produce, create, develop

rich 丰富的 wealthy, affluent, ample

cheap 便宜的 economical, inexpensive, affordable

common 普遍的 widespread, prevalent

change 改变 transform, alter, modify

people 人 individuals, adolescents, *s

famous 着 名的 renowned, celebrated, distinguished, prominent

think 想 suppose, claim, *intain, presume, assume

keep 保存 preserve, conserve

break 破坏 undermine, jeopardize, devastate

温馨提示,因为英语词义范围特别广泛,即便是同义词也只是某种程度上的近似,不有可能在意义上完全对等,因而大伙在选词时要注意同义词含义上的细小差别哦。

例如:

句一: So there arises the problem: What should we do to get rid of the wrong attitudes toward the migrant workers?

句二: So there arises the question: What should we do to get rid of the wrong attitudes toward the migrant workers?

problem指的是“实际存在的疑问”或“须要解决的现实疑问”,question指的是“可取得解释或回答的疑问”,此处用question更为恰当。

之上是四级作文高分方法,实用性较强,同学别忘了背几篇以后整理出来属于本人的模板哦,不要给阅卷教师看到千篇一律的“整容脸”,化有为无大伙的作文自然能吸引到教师的青睐~

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