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Q: Where does this conversation take place?16. M: What’s your understanding of creativity?W: Let me illustrate my point. Grand* Moses never had an art lesson, yet her paintings are displayed in the galleries。Q: What does the wo*n mean?17. M: Tom got a new job again. This was his fifth job this year。W: It’s difficult to keep a young *n in one job for life nowadays。Q: What does the wo*n mean?18. M: Where are you living now? In the same house in New York?W: No, we moved to Washington about two months ago, because John got a new job. We’re living in a s*ll flat while we try to find a house。Q: Why did the wo*n move to Washington?Now you’ll hear two long conversations。Conversation OneW: Do you travel a lot around the world?M: Quite a lot. Yes. I’ve been to *ny places in the world。W: Oh, that must be quite an experience。M: Well, in some places I feel, I suppose, somewhat uneasy, but I haven’t lately。W: You’ve just returned from Africa?M: Yes, I was in Africa recently。W: Which countries did you visit?M: I was in Zimbabwe and Zambia and South Africa。W: There are quite a few people who are crazy about Africa。M: I know, but I don’t feel that way at all. But I was very happy there。W: But some of the places in Africa, they must be --- they must be very different。M: I know what’s on your mind. Right. Some Africa cities can be a little horrible. There are places that I avoid. I don’t like cities generally not because I feel threatened but because I feel confined。W: You mean you find cities unsatisfying?M: I like being at a street level and looking out to watch the sun set. The idea of a sun setting behind a lot of buildings is what I find unsatisfying. Why should it set just behind a lot of concrete? There is still some sunshine there. I think that’s why I avoid cities. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard。19. Why does the *n feel uneasy while he is traveling?20. Which of the countries didn’t he visit on his last trip to Africa?21. What did he feel when he was in Africa?22. Why did he find cities unsatisfying?Conversation TwoW: Are there people you feel that you just “can’t reason with”?M: Sure. But fortunately they are few and far in between。W: What are some of the basic techniques of communicating effectively with people that you need to work with but don’t particularly like?M: That’s a good question. One of my favorite examples is a guy I used to work with who had a strong opinion about everything. And he stated it very forcefully。W: You obviously didn’t like it。M: No, and it was very different from mine, but I learned to get along with him because I realized that he was fundamentally very insecure。W: So what did you do to change the situation?M: I tried to get along with him, telling him stories about myself that showed my own mistakes. That helped him to get past his insecurity and involve me in more honest and open communication。W: What kind of people do you have difficulty working with?M: I’m naturally a person who likes to get things done. So I get impatient sometimes when I’m working with a large group. It takes time for everyone’s voice to be heard and for everyone’s opinion to be tried. Yet I know that process is vital if they are going to *ke the ulti*te decision。Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard。23. What is true according to the conversation? 24. How does the *n deal with people who are insecure?25. What kind of person is the *n in the conversation?Section BDirections: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices *rked A), B), C) and D). Then *rk the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。Passage OneYou can find it orbiting Earth, floating in space, or sitting on Venus, Mars, and the Moon. No, it’s not a space---it’s space trash! Space trash, often called space debris, is any *n-*de object that no longer serves a useful purpose. More than 4,000 satellites have been launched into space since 1957. All that activity has led to large amounts of space trash。Nicholas Johnson, a chief NASA scientist and program *nager for orbital debris, monitors more than 1,300 objects that are at least three to four inches wide. Of those objects, only 600 to 700 are still in use. The oldest piece of space trash is Vanguard 1, the second satellite that the United States launched. Vanguard 1 has been in space since March 1958。Space trash moves very quickly. According to Johnson, speeds *y reach 18,000 miles an hour. Because the trash moves so quickly, even very s*ll pieces can cause da*ge. Today the trash causes only minor da*ge to satellites. That’s largely because of measures that NASA and other countries’ space programs have taken. For example, *king sure that no fuel is left on satellites limits the amount of explosions that can send trash hurtling through space。Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard。26. What is space trash?27. According to a chief NASA scientist, how *ny *n-*de objects that are at least three inches wide are there in the space, which are no longer in use?28. Why is space trash dangerous?Passage TwoPeople all over the world have begun to realize the countless possibilities of a new *: Leisure. This is especially true in countries with a highly-developed technology. Modern technology, auto*tion, shorter working days, long weekends, earlier retirement, and better health have given people much more free time than they have ever had before. Modern agricultural equipment has liberated the farmer from long hours of hard labor; auto*tion has had a revolutionary effect on business and industry; and modern household appliances have freed women from *ny tiresome and time-consuming chores. Only students have not gained leisure time in this day and age. They have to study longer and harder than ever before in order to keep up with our rapidly changing world and prepare them for the future. But then, the life of a student has always been, and probably always will be, one of much effort and little free time。In the early days of American history, the value of work was a dominant concept in the American way of life. Now, almost everyone recognizes the necessity and value of relaxation and recreation. People are supposed to work in order to support themselves and their families and to contribute to society. However, they also enjoy *ny other activities and profit from them。Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard。29. What have people all over the world begun to recognize?30. Who has been liberated from long hours of hard work?31. When was the value of work a *jor concept in American life?Passage ThreeUntil recently, a to*to was just a to*to. But now scientists have begun to change the genes of plants in laboratories, so it is not as easy to know when to*toes are pure to*toes. That is true with *ny other vegetables and fruits。Genetic engineering is the process of taking genes from one plant or ani*l and putting them into another plant or ani*l. Scientists use the process to increase the nutrients a food contains. However, this new genetic engineering technology has raised a lot of questions。The United States Food and Drug Administration is responsible for deciding how foods must be described when they are sold. The FDA says people who buy hu*n foods produced by new kinds of plants must be told if there are any safety problems. It also says people must be told what nutrients the foods contain。There are, however, times when more infor*tion about a new food product would be helpful. Some foods are not a safety threat, but do affect people in unusual ways. After eating the food, they *y develop red spots on their skin, or have trouble breathing or have a sick sto*ch。Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard。32. What is the best title of the passage?33. What is the FDA responsible for?34. What principle should people keep in mind when doing food shopping?35. What does the passage *inly suggest?Section CDirections: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing infor*tion. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the *in points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written。In *ny countries now seat belts are (36) compulsory for the driver and the front seat (37) passenger at least。Most doctors believe that seat belts save people from being seriously hurt in a (38) crash, but there are some people who still think it is more dangerous to wear a seat belt than not to wear one. They say that a seat belt *y (39) trap one in a car that is burning, or that has fallen into a river or the sea and is sinking, so that one is (40) burnt to death or (41) drowned。But less than half of one percent of car accidents lead to fire or sinking, and in any case, a seat belt *y easily save a person from being knocked (42) unconscious in an accident, so that he or she is able to (43) undo the seat belt immediately and get out of a car that is on fire or sinking。(44) Some people say that it is an attack on their * to force them to wear a seat belt. But even in a democracy there are a lot of things a person is denied the right to do though he or she wants to do them. How does this affect seat belts? (45) In what way does the rights of others if someone refuses to wear a seat belt? Well, common sense tells us that a driver without a seat belt has less control of a car if there is an accident. (46) In that case, he or she is more likely to be a danger to others, who after all also have the right to be protected as mush as possible from accidents。