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2016年12月英语四级语法词汇练习题及答案(一)

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1.She refused to ___ the door key to the landlady until she got ba ck herdeposit.

A. hand in B.hand outC.hand down D.hand over

2.I′ve never been to Lhasa, but that′s the city___.

A.I′d most like to visit B. where I like to visit? C. which I like to visit mostlyD. I′d like much to visit

3. He ___ unwisely, but he was at least trying to do something helpful.

A. *y have acted B. must have acted C. should act D. would act

4.If you have really been studying English for so long.It′s about t i me you ___ able to write letters in English.

A. should beB. wereC. must beD . are

5.He′s ___ as a “bellyacher” —— he′s always complaining about some thing.

A. who is known B. whom is known C. what is known D. which is known

6. The government____ to approve the use of wide-spead surveillance when the Justice Department took objections.

A. is going

B. had been

C. was about

D. is coming

7. Although ____ Spanish, he attended the course.

A. he was knowing B. he is knowing

C. having a knowledge of D. knows

8. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are so excited today, for they bought____ yesterday.

A. *ny furnitures

B. so much furniture

C. *ny piece of furniture

D. a lot of furniture

9. Despite their good service provided, most inns are less expensive than hotels of____standards.

A. equivalent

B. likely

C. alike

D. uniform

10. The back garden of our house contains a lawn, ____ very pleasant to sit on in summer.

A. which is B. which it is C. it is D. where it is

答案与解析:

1.D

在领回押金前,她拒绝将大门钥匙交给女房东。?本题为短语辨析题。hand in意为“递交,上交,提出”;hand out意为“分发,交给,取出”;hand down意为“留传下来,把……传下去”;hand over意为“交出,移交”。根据句意,选项D为正确答案。

2.A

我从未去过*,但那却是我最想参观的城市。本题为语法结构题。选项 I′d most like to visit在句中是宾语从句,其先行词是city,宾语从句省略了关系代词that或which。

3.A

他过去也许做得不是十分明智,但至少他在努力做一些有益的事情。 本题考查对情态动词及虚拟语气用法的掌握。

*y + have + 过去分词,表示对过去事情的猜测,*y表示不确定,意为“过去也许……”;must表确定性的猜测,用来提示说话人假设某人在过去曾做过某事,说话人对其假设的内容十分肯定,意为“过去一定……”。根据句意,选项A为正确答案。

4.B

如果你真的学习英语这么长时间了,现在应该差不多能用英语写信了。本题为语法题,考查对虚拟语气的掌握。?It′s about time...为固定用法,是一个典型的虚拟语气句型,从句中的谓语动词用一般过去时。

5.C

他是那种大家所熟悉的牢骚满腹的人——总是怨这怨那。

本题为语法结构题。what相当于something that。what is known as意思是“大家所熟悉的,所谓的”。what is known as a“bellyacher”在句中作表语,用于说明he的身份、职业等。agree in意为“关于……意见一致”;agree with意为“与……(意见)一致”。这里是说与某人达成一致意见,所以答案选D。

6.C

政府正打算同意采取广泛监督的手段时,却遭到了司法部的反对。此题考查时态的运用。少数几个前置词可带不定式作宾语,如about,but,except,save, than等后允许加不定式作宾语。be about+不定式表示“将来”的含义,因此C为正确选项。

7.C

虽然只懂一点西班牙语,但他还是参加了这个课程的学习。know是静态动词,不能用于进行时;选knows从句中又缺少主语。knowledge作“知识”讲时是不可数名词,但作“了解”讲时,前面可加“a”,常用于词组haver

a knowledge of中,所以选C)。

8.D

史密斯夫妇今天非常兴奋,因为他们昨天买了许多家具。

此题考查名词的单复数。英语中有些名词只有单数,如furniture 前可用pieces of furniture,much furniture,a lot of furniture。因此D为正确选项。

9.A

尽管同样提供优质的服务,大多数酒馆要比同标准的旅馆的费用低。此题考查形容词词义。尽管equivalent 与 alike,uniform都有“相同”的意思,但是alike常在句中做表语,不做定语;equivalent则可做定语,意为“相等的,相当的”,最符合题意;而uniform强调的是“一致的,一样的”;likely意为“很可能的”,一般做表语。因此A为正确选项。

10. A

我家的后花园有一片草坪,夏天坐在上面会令你心旷神怡。

which引出非限制性定语从句,在句中作主语,且和sit on 构成动宾关系。类似的句子有:This room is comfortable to live in 这句中live in 和this room构成动宾关系。

(实习编辑:王晓晓)

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