您所在的位置: 首页??|??英语四级??|??2017年12月英语四级语法常考考点之分词

2017年12月英语四级语法常考考点之分词

李老师
6年从业经验

免费hg开户网站|首页咨询表 (趣考不是hg开户网站|首页中介,能给你客观建议!)

联系老师

分词是动词的一种非限定形式,主要起形容词和副词的作用,在句子中可作状语、表语、补语和定语。分词有两种,一种是现在分词,一种是过去分词。这两种分词在句子中能担任的成分大体相同,主要是在意思上有主动被动之分,现在分词一般有主动的意思,过去分词一般有被动的意思;有时它们表示的时间也不相同,现在分词一般表示进行,过去分词一般表示完成。

Taking a dictionary, she began to prepare her lessons.(现在分词作状语)

Taken separately, the problems are not difficult to solve.(过去分词作状语)

The story is interesting.(现在分词作表语)

We are interested in reading.(过去分词作表语)

I heard him singing in the room.(现在分词作补语)

I heard the song sung by him.(过去分词作补语)

This is an amusing story.(现在分词作定语)

There are some fallen leaves on the ground.(过去分词作定语)

分词作状语时,其逻辑主语一般应与句子的主语一致。如果不一致的话,分词前面可以带有自己的逻辑主语(名词或代词),构成分词的独立结构(或称为独立分句)。分词独立结构可表示伴随情况、陪衬动作、附加说明以及表示时间、原因、条件等。

The moon has no light of its own, only sunlight shining on it. (附加说明)

She rushed out the room, the little baby carried in her arms. (伴随动作)

Maggie ran back to the kitchen, eggs held carefully in her hand. (伴随动作)

Circumstances changed, it is necessary for you to *ke a new plan. (表示原因)

A force acting through a distance, work is done. (表示条件)

Both bright side and dark side considered, you will have the confidence to overcome this difficulty. (表示条件)

All flights having been cancelled because of the snowstorm, *ny passengers could do nothing but take the train.

there be句型和it也能引出分词独立结构,作状语修饰主句,there和it相当于分词的逻辑主语。

There being nothing else to do, we went home.

There having been no rain, the plants withered.

It being impossible for most students to turn in their papers as scheduled, the teacher decided to give them another two days.

The sale usually takes place outside the house, with the au*nce _________on benches, chairs or boxes

A) having seated B) seating C) seated D) having been seated

本题考察的是with引导的分词的独立结构,seat一般用被动形式表示主动意思,所以用过去分词,答案为C。

So *ny directors_________, the board meeting had to be put off.

A) were absent B) being absent C) been absent D) had been absent

本题考察的是分词的独立结构,主语与分词之间是主谓关系,因此选择B。

(免费推荐hg开户网站|首页中介/审核hg开户网站|首页方案/获取权威hg开户网站|首页资料等)
趣考不是hg开户网站|首页中介,我们作为监督平台,搜集最真实有效的信息,给予你最客观公正的建议,帮您辨别hg开户网站|首页中介为您提供咨询信息。

培训课程价格查询表

培训课程费用实时了解,把钱花在刀刃上!

提交成功

感谢您的信任,我们将第一时间与您取得联系,请保持手机畅通,祝好!

出国hg开户网站|首页